In HHP1::GUS transgenic mutants, GUS activity was found to be mai

In HHP1::GUS transgenic mutants, GUS activity was found to be mainly expressed

in the roots, vasculature, stomata, hydathodes, adhesion zones, and connection sites between septa and seeds, regions in which the regulation of turgor pressure is crucial. By measuring transpiration rate and stomatal closure, it was shown that the guard cells in the hhp1-1 mutant had a decreased sensitivity to drought and ABA stress compared with the WT or the c-hhp1-1 mutant, a complementation mutant of HHP1 expressing the HHP1 gene. The N-terminal fragment (amino acids 1-96) of HHP1 was found to interact with the transcription factor inducer of CBF expression-1 (ICE1) in yeast two-hybrid and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) studies. The hhp1-1 mutant grown in soil showed hypersensitivity

to cold stress with limited mTOR inhibitor watering. The expression of two ICE1-regulated genes (CBF3 and MYB15) and several other cold stress-responsive genes (RD29A, KIN1, COR15A, and COR47) was less sensitive to cold stress in the hhp1-1 mutant than in the WT. These data suggest that HHP1 may function in the cross-talk between cold and osmotic signalling.”
“Introduction and hypothesis Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) was first described almost 20 years ago. This technique aims to provide the outcomes of the gold standard abdominal approach while offering the benefits of minimally invasive surgery. However, the widespread diffusion of LSC in the management of pelvic organ prolapse THZ1 (POP) is hampered by its presumed length and technical difficulties due to the inherent need for laparoscopic suturing skills.

Methods In this article, we highlight the current status of LSC based on a historical overview and in the paradigm of an interrelationship between the three different approaches to POP correction.

Results The enormous changes over the past 15 years have contributed to a better understanding of the pathologies and their treatment, which has enabled us to refine LSC, to simplify it, and to make it much more reproducible.

Conclusions In the future, we will need more prospective studies

to compare LSC with vaginal reconstructive surgery.”
“A MgO underlayer with (100) preferential orientation formed on a thin Fe seed layer is used to attain L1(0) ordered phase 2 nm-thick FePt films with (001) orientation. The Fe[1 nm]/Pt[1 nm] bilayer can be grown epitaxially on the MgO underlayer with (100) aligned texture and the bilayer transformed into (001)-textured L1(0)-FePt films after annealing at 600 degrees C. FePt films 2 nm thick with (001) preferential orientations can be prepared on a thick MgO underlayer with (100) orientation. Since the thinness of Fe and Pt layers enhances an inter-diffusion process between the layers, the crystallization and ordering temperature of FePt decreases from 550 degrees C to 500 degrees C. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.

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