Mice were sacrificed and tumors explanted for in vitro growth when mice showed signs of morbidity. As demonstrated in Fig. 3a (left panel), prolonged survival was observed in doxycycline-treated mice. Seliciclib Control mice all died by day 32, whereas, doxycycline treated mice lived up to 50 days post implantation. Low levels of CCL21 were detected in the serum of 25% of tumor bearing mice treated with doxycycline and was not detected in the serum of control mice. Analysis of clonal lines derived these tumors demonstrated that <10% were capable of inducible expression of CCL21 (right
panel). All these cell lines eventually lost inducible expression after a few in vitro passages (data not shown). Thus, tumor growth in vivo was associated with loss of inducible expression of CCL21. This may have contributed to the limited growth inhibition and eventual RG-7388 ic50 outgrowth
of primary prostate tumors selleck compound observed in these mice. Fig. 3 Intraprostatic secretion of CCL21 prolongs survival, delays tumor growth and reduces the frequency of metastatic disease. a Eight mice (M1-8) were transplanted orthotopically with TRAMPC2/TR/CCL21-L2 cells. Four mice were given doxycycline in their drinking water one day after implantation. Mice were euthanized when tumors were palpable or when mice were moribund. Tumors from treated and control mice were excised, diced and cultured in tissue culture media containing antibiotics. Derived clonal lines (M1.2, M2.10, etc.) were then evaluated for inducible expression of CCL21. Enhanced survival (left panel) was correlated with induced expression of CCL21 in the prostate TME (right panel). The survival of treated mice was significantly prolonged relative to non-treated mice (P < 0.05).
The boxed ratios represent the number of cell lines isolated with inducible CCL21 expression versus the total number of evaluated cell lines and the cell line with the highest expression of CCL21 has been shown if there were more than one cell lines expressing CCL21. Endonuclease b Mice (total of 18, two separate experiments) were given an orthotopic injection of 5 × 105 TRAMPC2/TR/CCL21-L2 cells. One cohort was given doxycycline in their drinking water after surgery and one group served as control. Tumor growth was monitored by palpation and approximately 2 months after implantation when the control mice were morbid, tumors were excised. Weight (left panel) and volume (right panel) of the tumors was then measured. c Lymph nodes, lungs and pancreases of mice from one of the experiments described in panel B were also removed, diced and cultured as described previously. Tumor cells grew out of the organs with metastases and generated cell lines that were expanded in vitro.